What are its goals?
To detect and quantify, through diagnostic assessment, the affected cognitive functions.
To establish a personalised neuropsychological treatment with specific and relevant targets based on the problems presented by the patient. The purpose of Neuropsychological Rehabilitation is to reduce the impact of cognitive, behavioural or emotional impairment on the patient’s daily activities and on their domestic environment.
To inform the family about the nature of neuropsychological impairment, offer them guidelines for managing the problem in everyday situations, and provide emotional support.
Impact of cognitive impairment on Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
|Sustained attention||Difficulty following a movie or reading a book, concentrating, etc.||
|Selective attention||Difficulty working in an environment with other people, noises, etc.|
|Divided attention||Difficulty performing two activities at the same time (driving, caring for the home/children, etc.)|
|Semantic memory||Forgetting knowledge learned in the past, the names of people||
|Episodic memory||Forgetting personal experiences, where he/she left their keys, glasses, how to get to familiar places, etc.|
|Prospective memory||Difficulty remembering appointments, things to do, etc.|
|Executive functions||Difficulties planning and cooking a meal, using a computer, keeping track of monthly expenses, planning a trip, solving a problematic situation (i.e., missing a train)|