Frequently asked questions
Who can benefit from the Memory Clinic?
People who have suffered a stroke, a traumatic brain injury, who have had surgery for a brain tumour, who have suffered from cardiopulmonary arrest or an infection such as encephalitis or meningitis, and who present difficulties with attention, memory, language and executive function, or who have behavioural or emotional disturbance.
Also, people who, due to the normal ageing process, find it hard to remember daily events, get organised, follow a conversation, etc., particularly when these impairments are severe, possibly involving mild cognitive impairment or dementia.
What programmes are offered at the Memory Clinic?
The Memory Clinic specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of memory and other neuropsychological functions that have been impaired by disease and degenerative processes, or by brain injuries such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, anoxia, tumours, and others.
The neuropsychological work is centred on a diagnostic assessment to detect the consequences of the brain injury and allow us to establish a personalised therapeutic programme based on both the impaired and preserved functions.
Neuropsychological treatment is aimed at both the patient and their family, informing, guiding and educating them on the consequences of brain damage, providing guidelines for managing the disturbances the patient may present, and also providing psychotherapy when required.
What are the most frequent cognitive disorders?- Attention / concentration problems
- Memory problems
- Communication disorders
- Difficulty in problem solving
- Slowness in processing information
- Difficulty understanding abstract concepts
- Difficulty learning new things
What behavioural changes may occur after a brain injury and in a neurodegenerative processes?
- Problems with social skills
- Difficulty relating to other people
- Difficulty controlling emotions
- AIncreased irritability and frustration
- Inappropriate and sometimes aggressive behaviour
- Sudden mood swings
What neuropsychological rehabilitation techniques are most useful in the treatment of brain damage?
The type of treatment depends on the phase in which the patient is found, their level of consciousness, the neuropsychological disorders they present, the degree of involvement, the cause of their impairment or the time since their injury occurred. Treatment is always focussed on specific targets.
Is cognitive stimulation useful in ageing and dementia?
Yes. The scientific basis of cognitive stimulation in these cases is focussed on the plastic capacity of the brain, or Neuroplasticity. This is the intrinsic, life-long characteristic of our central nervous system that enables us to adapt to the demands of our environment. In this sense, cognitive stimulation stimulates the neuropsychological functions needed to improve functional performance and increase personal autonomy in activities of daily living.
Neuropsychological rehabilitation and cognitive stimulation. Are they the same thing?
No, although they are both involved in neuropsychological functions, neuropsychological rehabilitation is indicated for people who have suffered from a brain injury and who are expected to recover from the impairment, to some extent. In dementia and other degenerative processes, cognitive stimulation techniques are applied to maintain and slow down the deterioration process caused by the disease.