Aetiology of Neurogenic Dysphagia
Swallowing disorders may occur in a wide variety of neurological and neuromuscular diseases.
These conditions can be divided into two major groups: the first includes those with acute onset and a tendency towards recovery, such as stroke and traumatic brain injury, and the second comprises a group of diseases that lead to gradual impairment, such as neurodegenerative diseases (multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, etc.).
Dysphagia is a significant factor in all these conditions, and contributes to increased morbidity/mortality in these patients.